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Oats contain large amounts of beta-glucan, a type of soluble fiber. Beta-glucan partially dissolves in water and forms a thick, gel-like solution in the gut. The health benefits of beta-glucan fiber include reducing LDL and total cholesterol levels, reducing blood sugar and insulin response and increasing feeling of fullness and the growth of good bacteria in the digestive tract.
When you shop for oats, you'll see several types on the store shelves. They're all based on "oat groats", which are the whole oat kernel.
Instant oats: Oat groats that have been steamed and flaked.
Rolled oats(also called regular or old-fashioned oats): Oat groats that have been steamed and rolled into flakes that are thicker (and thus take longer to cook) than instant oats.
Steel-cut oats (also called Irish oats): You get the whole oat kernel, cut up. These take about 20 minutes to cook.
Scottish oats : These are like steel-cut oats, but instead of being cut, they are ground.
Oat groats: This is the whole oat kernel - no cuts, flakes, or grinding. They take longer to cook than other oats. Give them 50-60 minutes to cook, after you bring the water to a boil.
You can cook oatmeal on your stove top, in your microwave, or in a slow cooker. "Overnight Oats" are also popular. These are oats that are soaked overnight in a liquid like milk or yogurt.
Also, they can be made into many different types of food like Fruit Oatmeal, Chia Seed Oatmeal, Yogurt Oatmeal, Nuts Oatmea and so on. They are also a great combination with Grain Cheerios, Corn Flakes and Grain Balls.